Gautam R, Lahodny G Jr, Bani-Yaghoub M, Morley PS, Ivanek R.
Salmonella Typhimurium (STM) infection in pigs represents a considerable food safety concern. This study used mathematical modelling to evaluate the effectiveness of cleaning (faeces removal) as a measure to control STM spread among grower-finisher pigs. A modified Susceptible-Infected-Recovered-Susceptible (SIRS) model of STM transmission through a contaminated environment was developed. Infected pigs were divided into three states according to the pathogen level being shed in their faeces. Infection transmission was evaluated using the basic reproduction number (R 0) and the prevalence of infectious pigs at slaughter age. Although increased frequency and efficiency of cleaning did reduce the prevalence of STM shedding at the time of slaughter, these efforts alone were not capable of eliminating the infection from the population. The level of STM faecal shedding by infectious pigs strongly influenced the infection spread and prevalence at slaughter. To control STM in pigs, cleaning should be combined with vaccination and/or isolation of high-level shedders.
Gautam R, Lahodny G Jr, Bani-Yaghoub M, Morley PS, Ivanek R. Understanding the role of cleaning in the control of Salmonella Typhimurium in grower-finisher pigs: a modelling approach. Epidemiol Infect. 2014 May;142(5):1034-49. doi: 10.1017/S0950268813001805. Epub 2013 Aug 7.